How Does CBD Work?
CBD works to balance the body by acting as a modulator in the Endocannabinoid System (ECS). The ECS is a biological system that contains a network of receptors that bind with
cannabinoids. The ECS plays a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis in the body by regulating our physiological processes, sleep, pain, immune function, motor control, memory, mood and energy balance.
Our body naturally produces chemical compounds called endocannabinoids. These endocannabinoids interact with our ECS. Other cannabinoids, such as CBD which is derived from cannabis, also interact with the ECS in a more indirect way. CBD is metabolized in the human body by a process called hydroxylation to form its acidic metabolites. This process is carried out with the help of certain liver enzymes that form bonds with CBD.
According to Marcel Bonn-Miller, PhD, who studies CBD and its effects, it has been found that “CBD increases the circulating levels of your natural endocannabinoids, which, in turn, interact with your cannabinoid receptors,” Bonn-Miller says that “CBD has also been shown to interact with serotonin receptors, and that may be part of why it has some beneficial effects on anxiety. It also interacts with some pain receptors, which may be why we’re starting to see effects on pain and inflammation.”
Basically, since CBD works indirectly, it has a much broader reach and there may be potential to treat a wide range of both physical and mental ailments. Research has also shown that CBD does not appear to work the same way as its psychoactive cousin, THC which likely explains why people don’t feel “high” while taking CBD.